Interestingly enough, she was often depicted wearing a goatskin while carrying a spear and shield, thus also signifying the possible influence of Athena. Triumph of Neptune standing on a chariot pulled by two sea horses Latin: hippocampes. Regarded as the brother of Jupiter , Neptune Neptunus in Latin was the god of both freshwater and the sea in the ancient Roman pantheon. Suffice it to say, inspired by these later associations, Neptune was often depicted like Poseidon with his characteristic trident, especially in the artworks of North Africa.
During the occasion, when water levels were at their scarcest, people were devoted to the conservation and draining of superficial waters, while ritually participating in drinking spring waters and wine. Art by Tohmo DeviantArt. Pertaining to this episode, Minerva was also considered as the patron of war, more specifically strategic warfare — though this attribute was possibly a later addition in 2nd century BC, which made Minera the equivalent of the Greek goddess Athena.
However, when it comes to history, most scholars agree that like many Roman gods and goddesses, Minerva had older origins. This festival, while marking the starting of the campaign season for the Roman army, was known for its four days of gladiatorial contests. Essentially, Minerva epitomized the aspects of both warfare and its consequences — including possible peace, as opposed to the more direct allusion to war like in the case of Athena.
However, in spite of her more complex attributes, Minerva was depicted as being draped in her simple attire in the form of a chiton an ancient Greek garment , while wearing a helmet and carrying a spear and a shield. Source: Posters4Teachers. Considered as the second in importance after Jupiter in the pantheon of Roman gods, Mars was the deity of war and possibly agriculture.
And while the aspect of military conflict often brings out the inevitable comparison with his ancient Greek equivalent Ares , Mars was arguably far more complex when it came to his martial attributes. In essence, as opposed to the sheer impulsiveness and chaotic nature of warfare, Mars was perceived as a more composed and judicious entity who took up the role of the protector of Rome and its way of life.
He was also venerated as the defender of the city and state borders, and all these aspects suggest how the embodiment of warfare was central to the collective consciousness of the Romans. The mythical narrative rather reinforced the association of practical war to the early Romans , with Mars being portrayed as the father of the legendary founders of Rome — Romulus and Remus. To that end, the month of March named after him, derived from Latin Martius was reserved for the beginning of military campaigns, while also corresponding to many of the festivals of Mars.
Furthermore, the altar of Mars in Campus Martius Field of Mars was uniquely dedicated to the god of war by the seemingly peace-loving Numa , the legendary second king of Rome. All of these cultural factors make Mars one of the exclusive ancient Roman gods who possibly had no parallel in the proximate Greek culture in spite of sharing some qualities with Ares. Source: Metropolitan Museum of Art. The ancient Roman deity of beauty, love, desire, and sex, Venus is often perceived as the equivalent of the Greek goddess Aphrodite. However, like in the case of some of the earlier mentioned Roman gods, Venus as a divine entity possibly epitomized more aspects than her Greek counterpart — since she was also regarded as the goddess of victory and fertility and possibly even prostitution.
For example, her illicit love affair with Mars produced the twins Timor Phobos in Greek and Metus Deimos in Greek , the personifications of fear and terror respectively, Concordia Harmonia in Greek , the goddess of harmony and concord, and Cupids Erotes in Greek , the famed winged deities of love. Source: NGA. Hailed as one of the most important of Olympian deities when it came to the pantheons of both ancient Greek and Roman gods, Apollo , the archetype of the beardless, youthful being kouros , was considered as the divine entity of light, music, prophecy, poetry, medicine and even archery.
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Now interestingly enough, Apollo can be counted among the rare Roman gods who had directly originated from the Greek mythology thus having no Roman equivalent , with the cult centers of the entity in Delphi and Delos being in existence since 8th century BC. However historically, it was Augustus who encouraged the worship of Apollo as one of the major Roman gods, especially after his victory at the Battle of Actium circa 31 BC that fought near the sanctuary of the deity.
Source: Pinterest. A female deity characterizing the hunt, wildlands, nature, and the moon among the ancient Roman gods, Diana was also regarded as an entity who was antithetically the virgin goddess of childbirth and women.
If There Are an Infinite Number of Parallel Universes, Some Must Be Terrible Places
In essence, she belonged to the triad of female Roman goddesses along with Minerva and Vesta who were maidens; and the mythical narrative often portrayed her as the twin sister of Apollo and daughter of Jupiter. And while she is often equated to her Greek counterpart Artemis , the origins of Diana probably harked back to an indigenous Italic or older Indo-European entity. Lucina is identified with it, which is why in our country they invoke Juno Lucina in childbirth, just as the Greeks call on Diana the Light-bearer.
She is invoked at childbirth because children are born occasionally after seven, or usually after nine, lunar revolutions…. On occasions, she was also considered as one of the Roman gods of the dark world of the dead, thus being the equivalent of Greek goddess Hecate. Source: SpeakSlovak. As for his attributes, Vulcan was considered as the Roman god of fire including volcanoes , metallurgy, and forges. Now interestingly enough, the oldest sanctuary of Vulcan, known as the Vulcanal or Volcanal was probably situated at the foot of the Capitoline Hill, and this site revealed a Greek pottery fragment dated to circa 6th century BC that possibly depicted Hephaestus or Hephaistos , the Greek god of fire and metalworking.
In essence, Vulcan was probably one of the earlier Roman gods who was equated to an ancient Greek counterpart.
At the same time, Vulcan also matched the aspects of Sethlans , an ancient Etruscan god. In any case, the Romans celebrated Vulcanalia , the festival of Vulcan, at a time in the year in August when the crops and grains had the greatest chance of catching fire from the heat. So in a bid to appease the god of fire, the citizens made ceremonial bonfires — into which sacrificial fishes and small animals were thrown in. Source: MythDancer.
Iliad Summary and Analysis of Books 1-4
And in the mythical narrative, in spite of being beautiful, she rejected the advances of other divine suitors like Apollo and Neptune. Solinari, along with Lunitari and Nuitari , puts loyalty to magic ahead of loyalty to the other Gods of his alignment. He is the God of good magic, worshipped by white-robed magic users. As a God of magic, Solinari doesn't have a clerical order dedicated to his worship.
Instead, he grants arcane magical power to the white robes, who are often found assisting clerics of Paladine and Mishakal. Although Solinari is opposed to the goals of Nuitari, the mages of white and black robes will combine their powers, should magic in general come under threat. Solinari appears in the sky as a silver moon. When the people of Krynn abandoned the other gods after the Cataclysm , Solinari along with the other two Gods of magic was still acepted. High Sanction is reached by the moon Solinari every 36 days; during this period white robed mages experience increased power due to Solinari's increased influence on the world.
His symbol is a silver sphere. The gods of neutrality often take a passive, hands-off role in Dragonlance. Gilean in particular takes this approach, he rarely acts before considering all possible consequences. He is loath to do anything that might change history, preferring instead to observe.
Reorx is the exception to this rule, frequently causing mischief and mayhem.
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Other than Gilean and Reorx, and Lunitari's role to the wizards of High Sorcery , the other neutral gods are not very prominent in the Dragonlance world. Gilean, the Observer and Keeper of the Tobril, is the patriarch of the neutral gods, known for rarely taking a stance on issues, preferring to evaluate all possible outcomes before making a decision. His followers are usually those who seek knowledge such as historians and scientists.
Gilean holds the Tobril , given to him by the Highgod. The Tobril is a book that is said to contain the sum of all the knowledge known to the gods.
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Although he has this vast store of knowledge, he is reluctant to reveal it to others, for fear that it should affect the future and upset the balance. For this reason, portions of the book are unknown to all but Gilean. He is brother to Takhisis and Paladine and father to Lunitari. Gilean is rumoured to take the form of Astinus , the librarian of the Great Library of Palanthas , who has recorded history upon Krynn since the dawn of time , but it has been revealed that in fact Astinus is his son. However, he can be sometimes seen as a grey-robed monk holding a book and writing the events as they pass.
There all the Gods of Krynn meet, while Tasslehoff realizes where he had seen Gilean before.
Sirrion is the God of flame and natural power. He is the guardian of the neutral way and the creator of nature. Being the God of flame Sirrion is the most chaotic of the Gods of Neutrality often acting without taking time to think about his actions. Sirrion is the companion of Shinare , Goddess of industry, whos role frequently clashes with Sirrion's. For this reason they are seen as a quarrelsome couple. Reorx is the god of the forge.
Reorx was the god who captured Chaos, the father of the gods, in the Greygem of Gargath. Reorx is generally not revered by humans, but dwarves and gnomes hold him in the highest esteem, because of the fact he created the Graygem which morphed gnomes into dwarves and kender. Reorx is a big drinker and a notorious gambler.